1. In this appeal the only question which arises for consideration is whether a private deed of sale which has been registered is a public document within the meaning of Section 74(2) of the Evidence Act in order to attract section 77 of the Evidence Act.
2. There is a decision of Single Bench of this Court reported as AIR 1979 Gau 14, Md. Saimuddin v. Abezuddin, in which it has been held that a private sale deed registered under the Indian Registration Act is public record of a private document under section 74(2) and, therefore, the certified copy of it is admissible in evidence under section 77.
3. As a Single Bench of this Court being unable to agree with the view taken in Saimtddin's case (supra), the appeal has been referred to a larger bench. Hence, before us.
4. Section 74 reads:
“Public documents,—The following documents are public document:
(2) public records kept in any state of private documents.”
5. With regard to the ‘public records’, ‘public records’ are those records which a Government unit is requited by law 10 keep or which is necessary to keep in discharge of duties imposed by law (See Black's Law Dictionary). A “public record” is one required by law to be kept, or necessary to be kept in the discharge of a duty imposed by law, or directed by law to serve as a memorial and evidence of something written, said, or done (See Words and Phrases, Vol. 35). The records means written account of facts, etc. designed or intended to remain as a memorial or permanent evidence of the matters to which it relates, Therefore, a privats document-would be a ‘public record’ within the meaning of section 74(2), if the private document is filed, the public official is required to keep it for a memorial or permanent evidence of something written, said, or done.
6. In so far as the original sale deed is concerned, after it is registered under the Registration Act, it is not kept in the office of the Sub-Registrar. Under section 61(2) of the Registration Act, as soon as the registration is complete as is provided under the Registration Act, the original sale deed shall be returned to the person who presented the same for registration or his nominee. Therefore, the Sub-Registrar is not required or is called upon to keep the sale deed, at all for any purpose under the law, and as such, the question of a public record of a private document does not arise. For these reasons, a private sale deed which has been registered shall not be public document within the meaning of Section 74(2) of the Evidence Act and, therefore, the provision under section 77 is attracted. This view of our finds support from a decision of the Privy Council in Gopal Das v. Thakurji, AIR 1943 PC 83. In that case, the Privy Council has held that the original receipt executed by any individual and registered under the Registration Act is not “a public record of a private document” within section 74(2) as the original has to be returned to the party under section 61(2) of the Registration Act. We are, therefore, unable with the, view expressed in the decision in Saimuddin v. Abezuddin, AIR 1979 Gau 14.
7. For the reasons stated above, we overrule the decision of this Court reported as AIR 1979 Gau 14, Md. Saimuddin v. Abezuddin.
8. The Courts below have held that the original sale deed has not been produced at any time and no foundation has been laid by the plaintiff-appellants for admission of secondary evidence and, therefore, the certified copy of the sale deed is not admissible in evidence. In that visw of the matter, the appeal is dismissed No costs.